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Archive » 2011 » 3 » | Archive » Medical field » Fields » Internal Medicine »

Acute Abdomen

 
Abstract:

This post is also available in: enEnglish slSlovenščina (Slovenian)

The term acute abdomen refers to signs and symptoms of abdominal pain, tenderness, nau­sea and vomiting, with or without the signs of local or diffuse peritonitis and systemic ilness, a clinical presentation, that often requires emergency surgical therapy. This review provi­des a framework for understanding abdominal pain, so that practitioners may determine tho­se patients who need a more expedited evaluation. In the first part of the article, a general approach to the patient is outlined. Details in clinical examination and diagnostic possibili­ties are highlighted aswell. The pathways of visceral and somatic pain are described and signs of peritonitis are listed. From among diagnostic methods, laboratory tests, ultrasound and computer tomography are the most important ones for determining the reason of acute abdo­men. The second part of the article describes the most frequent causes of acute surgical abdo­men: peritonitis, ileus, bleeding, acute mesenteric ischemia, cholecystitis, peptic ulcer perforation, acute pancreatitis, appendicitis and diverticulitis.

Authors:
Tomažič Aleš, Grosek Jan

Keywords:
acute abdomen, abdominal pain, surgical therapy

Cite as:
Med Razgl. 2011; 50: 273–88.

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