MENU
Anatomy
Anesthesiology
Biochemistry
Biomedical Informatics
Biophysics
Cell Biology
Clinical Cases
Dentistry
Dermatovenerology
Emergency Medicine
Family Medicine
Forensic Medicine
Gynecology and Obstetrics
Histology and Embryology
History of Medicine
Human Genetics
Hygiene
Infectious Diseases
Internal Medicine
Medical Deontology and Philosophy
Medical Psychology
Microbiology and Immunology
Neurology
Occupational Medicine
Oncology
Ophthalmology
Orthopaedics
Otorhinolaryngology
Pathology
Pathophysiology
Pediatrics
Pharmacology and Experimental Toxicology
Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Physiology
Psychiatry
Radiology
Social Medicine
Surgery
Toxicology
Research papers
Clinical research paper
Preclinical research paper
Sponsored articles
Archive » 2014 » 1 » | Archive » Medical field » Fields » Infectious Diseases »

Echinococcosis – Menacing Danger?

 
Abstract:

This post is also available in: enEnglish slSlovenščina (Slovenian)

Echinococcosis is a zoonosis caused by a tapeworm of the genus Echinococcus. Present worldwide, it is considered to be a re-emerging infectious disease because of a steep rise in incidence in various parts of the world. In Slovenia, it is prevalent mostly in the eastern part of the country. The infection can be asymptomatic for a long period of time. Cystic hydatidosis is caused by Echinococcus granulosus, while the alveolar form that mimics malignancy, is caused by E. alveolaris. The liver and lungs are the most commonly affected organs, but the disease can also cause a strong anaphylactic reaction. Abdominal ultrasound has a central role in diagnostics and is frequently combined with microbiological techniques. Current treatment is based on percutaneous approach, as only complicated cases are treated surgically. Albendazole is an effective antihelmintic drug that can be used as sole treatment or as adjuvant therapy.

Authors:
Jamšek Črt, Logar Mateja

Keywords:
echinococcosis, albendasole, hydatide disease

Cite as:
Med Razgl. 2014; 53 (1): 87–94.
© 2021 Društvo Medicinski razgledi | Na vrh strani / To top ↑