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Archive » 1997 » 3 » | Archive » Medical field » Fields » Infectious Diseases » Archive » Medical field » Fields » Internal Medicine » Archive » Medical field » Fields » Microbiology and Immunology »

Genotyping of hepatitis C virus isolates in Slovenia

 
Abstract:

This post is also available in: enEnglish slSlovenščina (Slovenian)

Genotyping of hepatitis C virus (HCV) isolates is of particular interest for epidemiolo­gy. Because of extreme genome variability of HCV genome, each genotyping method should be evaluated in local setting before being intro­duced as a routine diagnostic procedure or a tool for large-scale epidemiological studies. This comparative study of four most widely used HCV genotyping assays, employed on 40 HCV isolates in Slovenia, showed that none of them was real­ly suitable for genotyping Slovenian HCV isolates. Thanks to its satisfactory sensitivity, specificity and simplicity, the line probe assay was found to be the most appropriate tool for both routine and large-scale epidemiological studies. Using this assay the prevalence of HCV genotypes in Slovenia was studied on 226 individuals infect­ed with HCV. Significant differences in HCV genotype distribution observed between epi­demiological groups in Slovenia indicate a close relationship between individual HCV genotypes and certain routes of viral transmission.

Authors:
Seme Katja, Poljak Mario, Čelan-Lucu Branka, et al.

Keywords:
hepatitis C virus, genotype, Slovenia

Cite as:
Med Razgl. 1997; 36: 345–62.

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