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Poisoning with Heroine, Cocaine, Amphetamines, Cannabis, Gamma-Hydroxybutirate and Lysergic Acid Diethylamide

 

This post is also available in: enEnglish slSlovenščina (Slovenian)

The most common illicit drugs in Slovenia that lead to poisoning requiring medical atten­tion are heroin, cocaine, meth-/amphetamines, cannabis, gamma-hydroxybutyrate and lyser­gic acid diethylamide. Heroin has an inhibitory activity and causes loss of consciousness, narrow pupils, and slow and shallow breathing. Cocaine and meth-/amphetamines have a stimulaing activity and cause restlessness, convulsions and cardiac arrhythmia, as well as an increase in blood pressure and body temperature. Cocaine may also cause myocardial infarction because it promotes the formation of blood clots and atherosclerosis. People who use cannabis most commonly seek medical attention due to anxiety, tremors, rapid heartbeat and chest tight­ness. Gamma-hydroxybutyrate most commonly causes a transient loss of consciousness, slow and shallow breathing and slow heart rate. The treatment of intoxication with illicit drugs is symptomatic because an antidote is available only for heroin.

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