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Archive » 1998 » 3 » | Archive » Medical field » Fields » Internal Medicine »

Presentation, diagnosis and treatment of some immuno- hematologic diseases

 
Abstract:

This post is also available in: enEnglish slSlovenščina (Slovenian)

Clinical hematology is the field of med­icine most closely related to immunology, since pathologically altered cells and other components of the immune response circulating in the blood form the basis of some hematological diseases. The author presents a female patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, another female patient suf­fering from autoimmune hemolytic anemia, immune thrombocytopenia and pernicious anemia, and a male patient treated for aplastic anemia. Disorders characterized by malignant proliferation of cells involved in the immune response include acute lym­phoblastic leukemia, malignant lymphomas and malignant immunoproliferative diseases. A patho­logically altered immune response is associated with the appearance of antibodies which may be directed against erythrocytes, platelets, neutrophils, coagulation factors, hemopoietic progenitor cells, parietal cells of the gastric mucosa or the intrinsic factor. The detection and, in particular, confirma­tion of an immune disorder often require the use of so-called immunological tests, which are based on individual reactions of the immune response. For the diagnosis of leukemias, malignant lym­phomas and, in particular, subtypes of acute lym­phoblastic leukemia, immunophenotyping of surface and cytoplasmic immunoglobulins is per­formed using flow cytometry. One of the oldest immunological investigations is the Coombs test for confirmation of autoimmune hemolytic ane­mia. Immune disorders are treated more or less successfully with various immunosuppressive agents, such as corticosteroids, antilymphocyte globulin and cyclosporin. Only good knowledge of immune disorders and the methods used for their diagnosis can guarantee reliable prediction of the course of illness and its successful management.

Authors:
Černelč Peter

Keywords:
hematologic diseases, immunologic diseases, autoimmune diseases

Cite as:
Med Razgl. 1998; 37: 381–90.

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