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Archive » 1995 » 4 » | Archive » Medical field » Fields » Oncology »

Prognostic Factors in Breast Cancer

 
Abstract:

This post is also available in: enEnglish slSlovenščina (Slovenian)

The factors used in planning breast cancer treatment and predicting the course of disease at the present level of scientific devel­opment are presented. The most significant independent prognostic factor is the presence or absence of malignant cells in regional lymph nodes. Affected lymph nodes at the higher lev­els, their number and size as well as the pene­tration of malignant cells through the capsule all decrease the chance of survival. Factors relat­ing to the tumor and on which the fate of the patient depends to a great extent are its size, his­tologic type and maturity. The penetration of malignant cells into lymph and blood vessels of the breast as well as tumor necrosis are prog­nostic factors of unfavorable progress of the disease. Steroid hormone receptors in the tumor simplify the choice of later systemic treatment. Poor outcome of the disease is also indicated by intensive growth of malignant cells, the pres­ence of epidermal growth factor receptors, of the oncogen c-erb B-2 and some proteases.

Authors:
Takač Iztok, Arko Darja, Gorišek Borut

Keywords:
breast, neoplasms, prognosis

Cite as:
Med Razgl. 1995; 34: 463–8.

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