MENU
Anatomy
Anesthesiology
Biochemistry
Biomedical Informatics
Biophysics
Cell Biology
Clinical Cases
Dentistry
Dermatovenerology
Emergency Medicine
Family Medicine
Forensic Medicine
Gynecology and Obstetrics
Histology and Embryology
History of Medicine
Human Genetics
Hygiene
Infectious Diseases
Internal Medicine
Medical Deontology and Philosophy
Medical Psychology
Microbiology and Immunology
Neurology
Occupational Medicine
Oncology
Ophthalmology
Orthopaedics
Otorhinolaryngology
Pathology
Pathophysiology
Pediatrics
Pharmacology and Experimental Toxicology
Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Physiology
Psychiatry
Radiology
Social Medicine
Surgery
Toxicology
Research papers
Clinical research paper
Preclinical research paper
Sponsored articles
Archive » 2016 » 1 » | Archive » Medical field » Fields » Oncology »

Treatment of Bone Metastases

 
Abstract:

This post is also available in: enEnglish slSlovenščina (Slovenian)

Bone metastases are significantly more common than primary neoplasms. Solid tumors, which spread to the bone most frequently, originate from the breast, prostate, thyroid gland or kidney cancer. These metastases can be divided into complicated and simple, whilst their structure can be osteolytic, osteoblastic or mixed. The clinical manifestations found in patients with bone metastases can present themselves as bone pain, pathological fractures, compression of the spinal cord or hypercalcemia. These occurrences can be reduced by using osteoclast inhibitor drugs, such as bisphosphonates or denosumab. When it comes to treatment, the collaboration of different specialists is vital, but radiotherapy is the standard treatment of choice. Besides radiation, appropriate analgesic therapy and the use of bisphosphonates or denosumab, we often have to resort to other modes of treatment, such as surgery and systemic therapy.

Authors:
Gajser Tadeja, Leber Peter, Oblak Irena

Keywords:
bone metastases, treatment

Cite as:
Med Razgl. 2016; 55 (1): 55–62.

Download PDF >>
© 2021 Društvo Medicinski razgledi | Na vrh strani / To top ↑