MENU
Anatomy
Anesthesiology
Biochemistry
Biomedical Informatics
Biophysics
Cell Biology
Clinical Cases
Dentistry
Dermatovenerology
Emergency Medicine
Family Medicine
Forensic Medicine
Gynecology and Obstetrics
Histology and Embryology
History of Medicine
Human Genetics
Hygiene
Infectious Diseases
Internal Medicine
Medical Deontology and Philosophy
Medical Psychology
Microbiology and Immunology
Neurology
Occupational Medicine
Oncology
Ophthalmology
Orthopaedics
Otorhinolaryngology
Pathology
Pathophysiology
Pediatrics
Pharmacology and Experimental Toxicology
Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Physiology
Psychiatry
Radiology
Social Medicine
Surgery
Toxicology
Research papers
Clinical research paper
Preclinical research paper
Sponsored articles
Archive » 2008 » 2 » | Archive » Medical field » Fields » Orthopaedics »

Avascular Necrosis of The Femoral Head

 
Abstract:

This post is also available in: enEnglish slSlovenščina (Slovenian)

Avascular hip necrosis is a disease which occurs as the consequence of ishemia of a part of the femoral head. Ishemia most often occurs on the most burdened part of the femoral head. The affected part softens and gradually collapses. The burdening surface of the head reduces and the contact joint stress increases. This results in premature arthrotic changes. The diease affects younger population, most often the patients undergoing a long-lasting corticosteroid therapy, and chronic alcoholics. The development of the disease depends greatly on biological as well as biomechanical factors. An early diagnosis is important for the successful treatment of the disease. At an early stage the disease is treated with decompression. A moderately advanced stage is treated with intertrochanteric osteotomy and with the fully damaged femoral head the only sensible solution is the hip replacement.

Authors:
Dolinar Drago

Keywords:
femur head necrosis, biomechanics, osteotomy

Cite as:
Med Razgl. 2008; 47: 169–75.

Download PDF >>
© 2023 Društvo Medicinski razgledi | Na vrh strani / To top ↑