MENU
Anatomy
Anesthesiology
Biochemistry
Biomedical Informatics
Biophysics
Cell Biology
Clinical Cases
Dentistry
Dermatovenerology
Emergency Medicine
Family Medicine
Forensic Medicine
Gynecology and Obstetrics
Histology and Embryology
History of Medicine
Human Genetics
Hygiene
Infectious Diseases
Internal Medicine
Medical Deontology and Philosophy
Medical Psychology
Microbiology and Immunology
Neurology
Occupational Medicine
Oncology
Ophthalmology
Orthopaedics
Otorhinolaryngology
Pathology
Pathophysiology
Pediatrics
Pharmacology and Experimental Toxicology
Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Physiology
Psychiatry
Radiology
Social Medicine
Surgery
Toxicology
Research papers
Clinical research paper
Preclinical research paper
Sponsored articles
Archive » 2004 » 1 » | Archive » Medical field » Fields » Dentistry »

Influence of Periodontal Disease on Pulmonary Health

 
Abstract:

This post is also available in: enEnglish slSlovenščina (Slovenian)

Pneumonia may be a risky disease in spite of its contemporary treatment with antibiotics. It is the fifth cause of death in the population. The morbidity rate of aspiration pneumonia caused by Gram-negative anaerobic bacteria from the oral cavity or throat is about 30%. The risk for aspiration pneumonia is much greater among alcoholics, intensive care patients, patients after stroke and nursing home residents. Dental plaque is a reservoir of microorganisms and a favourable milieu for the growth of respiratory pathogens. It is therefore possible that patients with periodontal disease are at a higher risk of aspiration pneumonia. The respiratory epithe­lium can be modified by enzymes and cytokines that are released during periodontal disease and enable the accumulation and multiplication of bacteria on its surface. Oral pathogens may be aspirated into the pulmonary airways and may cause a pulmonary infection. The health status of teeth and periodontal tissues, as well as proper oral hygiene are important preventative procedures for preventing pulmonary infections in high-risk patients.

Authors:
Milan Petelin

Keywords:
peridontal diseases, dental plaque, pneumonia aspiration

Cite as:
Med Razgl. 2004; 43: 33–6.

Download PDF >>
© 2021 Društvo Medicinski razgledi | Na vrh strani / To top ↑