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Archive » 2001 » 3 » | Archive » Medical field » Fields » Internal Medicine »

Unsaturated Fatty Acids, Development of the Fetus and Atherosclerosis

 
Abstract:

This post is also available in: enEnglish slSlovenščina (Slovenian)

Polyunsaturated fatty acids are a vital part of physiological as well as patophysiological mech­anisms in the human body. Their long chained products are a key stone for the development of all fetal tissues especially of the central nervous system and retinas. The process of bond­ing of hydrogen atoms to fat molecules (fat hydrogenation) is responsible for the structural change of unsaturated fatty acids from cis- into transforms which interfere with the devel­opment of long chained polyunsaturated fatty acids within the body of a pregnant woman. This can be a cause for maldevelopment of the prementioned fetal tissues. ω -3 and ω -6 fatty acids and also their transforms compete for the same encyme systems in the body so it is the balanced intake of the former and avoidance of the later which could be a safe­ty factor responsible for lowering the incidence of cerebrovascular and coronary artery disease amongst people. The following essay also explains why the flaxseed is an important source of ω -3 fatty acids for vegetarian pregnant women who do not eat fish.

Authors:
Kupnik Dejan

Keywords:
fatty acids unsaturated, pregnancy, vegetarianism, atherosclerosis, fetal development

Cite as:
Med Razgl. 2001; 40: 307−312.

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