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Archive » 2004 » 4 » | Archive » Medical field » Fields » Pharmacology and Experimental Toxicology » Archive » Medical field » Research papers » Preclinical research paper »

The Influence of Amitriptyline and Sertraline in Vitro on the Kinetics of Exogenous Histamine in Cat Blood

 
Abstract:

This post is also available in: enEnglish slSlovenščina (Slovenian)

Histamine is a biogenic amine known as a primary mediator of allergic reactions. In brain, its role involves neurotransmission. Researches in the field of histamine pharmacokinetics have shown that antidepressants modify the pharmacokinetics of exogenous histamine in cats and rats. They decrease elevated histamine concentrations in plasma after an injection of exogenous histamine. Consequently, animals which have not been treated with antidepres­sants have significantly elevated histamine concentrations after an intravenous injection of this amine. In order to determine the extent to which blood cells participate in the modifi­cation of exogenous histamine kinetics, in vitro tests were performed on cat blood. After taking blood samples, the plasma was separated from blood cells and exogenous histamine and two antidepressants, amitriptyline and sertraline, were added to the blood cells in vitro. The con­centration of histamine in the samples was determined spectroflourometrically, while methylhistamine was determined using HPLC. The results indicate that both amitriptyline and sertraline in vitro increase the reuptake of exogenous histamine in cat blood cells, although the effect of sertraline is more significant than that of amitriptyline.

Authors:
Simona Rajtar

Keywords:
histamine release – drug effects, histamine, amitriptiline, sertraline, cats

Cite as:
Med Razgl. 2004; 43: 339–49.

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